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Despite a wealth of natural resources, African nations are on the lower end when it comes to GDP per capita. Africa's share of income has been consistently decreasing during the past centuries. In 1820, the average European worker earned about three times what the average African did. Now, the average European earns twenty times what the average African does. Although GDP per capita incomes in Africa have also been steadily growing, measures are still far better in other parts of the world. 


Out of the 54 African countries, 31 countries have a low Human development index score below 0.55. But poverty is not strictly about measuring household income or the need for economic growth. Poverty changes everything about a person’s life experience. It impacts basic needs and touches every aspect of their existence.